Excerpt from Chapter – Marcus Garvey (Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr.)

Published August 28, 2017

Marcus Garvey was born in Jamaica on August 17, 1887. He rose to prominence through a movement that became known as Garveyism. He instilled an important ideology within black people to rise above the restrictions of discrimination and prejudice and form their own networks and economic plans. Garvey grew up in a large family, as the youngest of eleven children. Apart from one of his sisters, all of his siblings passed away when they were young. Garvey’s father was a farmer, and his mother was a domestic worker.37 When he was just fourteen years old, he traveled to Kingston, Jamaica, to become a printer’s apprentice at P. A. Benjamins Manufacturing Company. Garvey used this opportunity to lead a printer’s strike in 1907 in an effort to fight for higher wages. His participation in the strike encouraged further political activism. As a result, Garvey travelled outside of Jamaica to countries in Central America, first living with his uncle in Costa Rica. He arrived in Costa Rica in 1910, and while there, he worked on a banana plantation. In addition, he worked for La Nacionale as a writer and editor. The following year, Garvey moved to Panama—where he worked as an editor of another publication—before returning to Jamaica in 1912. That year, Garvey made the decision to move to London to attend school at Birkbeck College.